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Sudan loss of its oil rich south in 2011 made it realize the significance of renewable energy. Present huge energy demands particularly from the residential and agricultural sectors are causing more pressure on Sudan already crippling economy. For a country like Sudan, solar energy according to the study acquires a huge potential in terms of contributing to the energy sector and development of the country altogether. However, the study also identifies how solar energy potential is being challenged by country lack of incentives and current policies. With present circumstances, off-grid solar energy systems (e.g. Stand-alone Photo-Voltaic systems), could play a large role in making a positive change to the country and its development. Many successful solar projects implemented in neighboring countries should be encouraging Sudan to follow the same path and work on the influencing factors standing against solar energy diffusion.

With having supporting policies along with various mechanisms of securing financing under a transparent cooperative context between various stakeholders could serve as the roadmap in promoting such a valuable technology in which Sudan is in desperate need of.


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Due to its abundant solar resources, Sudan has great potential for utilizing solar energy. The country is located in Africa's arid and semi-arid regions, with high levels of solar irradiance throughout the year. According to the World Bank, Sudan has one of the highest solar potentials in the world, with an estimated average solar irradiation of 5.5 kWh/m2/day.

Despite this potential, the utilization of solar energy in Sudan still needs to be improved, with most of the population still relying on traditional energy sources such as wood and charcoal for cooking and heating and diesel generators for electricity.

 There are ongoing efforts to increase the use of solar energy in the country. The Sudanese government has launched various initiatives and programs to promote the use of renewable energy, including solar power. The government has set a target of generating 20% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020, which has increase to 30% by 2030.

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